BitcoinGold Mining Calculator CoinWarz

New people please read this. [upvote for visibility please]

I am seeing too many new people come and and getting confused. Litecoin wiki isn't the greatest when it comes to summing up things so I will try to do things as best as I can. I will attempt to explain from what I have learned and answer some questions. Hopefully people smarter than me will also chime in. I will keep this post updated as much as I can.
Litecoin is a type to electronic currency. It is just like Bitcoin but it there are differences. Difference explained here.
If you are starting to mine now chances are that you have missed the Bitcoin mining train. If you really want your time and processing power to not go to waste you should mine LTC because the access to BTC from there is much easier.
Mining. What is it?
Let's get this straight. When making any financial commitment to this be prepared to do it with "throw away" money. Mining is all about the hashrate and is measured in KH/s (KiloHash/sec). Unlike the powerful ASICs (Application Specific Integrated Circuit) that are used to mine bitcoins using hashrates in the GH/s and even TH/s, litecoin mining has only been able to achieve at the very best MH/s. I think the highest I've seen is 130 MH/s so far. Which leads us to our next section.
Mining Hardware
While CPU mining is still a thing it is not as powerful as GPU mining. Your laptop might be able to get 1 a month. However, I encourage you to consult this list first. List of hardware comparison You will find the highest of processors can maybe pull 100 KH/s and if we put this into a litecoin mining calculator it doesn't give us much.
Another reason why you don't want to mine with your CPU is pretty simple. You are going to destroy it.
So this leaves us with GPUs. Over the past few months (and years) the HD 7950 has been the favourite because it drains less power and has a pretty good hashrate. But recently the introduction of the R9 290 (not the x) has changed the game a bit. People are getting 850 KH/s - 900 KH/s with that card. It's crazy.
Should I mine?
Honestly given the current difficulty you can make a solid rig for about $1100 with a hashrate of 1700 KH/s which would give you your investment back in about a month and a half. I am sure people out there can create something for much cheaper. Here is a good example of a setup as suggested by dystopiats
PCPartPicker part list / Price breakdown by merchant / Benchmarks
Type Item Price
CPU AMD Sempron 145 2.8GHz Single-Core Processor $36.01 @ Amazon
Motherboard ASRock 970 EXTREME4 ATX AM3+ Motherboard $99.48 @ OutletPC
Memory Crucial Ballistix Tactical Tracer 4GB (1 x 4GB) DDR3-1866 Memory $59.99 @ Newegg
Video Card Sapphire Radeon HD 7950 3GB Video Card (3-Way CrossFire) $245.38 @ Newegg
Video Card Sapphire Radeon HD 7950 3GB Video Card (3-Way CrossFire) $245.38 @ Newegg
Video Card Sapphire Radeon HD 7950 3GB Video Card (3-Way CrossFire) $245.38 @ Newegg
Power Supply SeaSonic Platinum 860W 80+ Platinum Certified Fully-Modular ATX Power Supply $146.98 @ SuperBiiz
Prices include shipping, taxes, and discounts when available. $1078.60
Generated by PCPartPicker 2013-11-29 00:52 EST-0500
Estimated Hashrate (with GPU overclocking) : 1900 KH/s
Hardware Fundamentals
CPU - Do you need a powerful CPU? No but make sure it is a decent one. AMD CPUs are cheap to buy right now with tons of power. Feel free to use a Sempron or Celeron depending on what Motherboard you go with.
RAM - Try to get at least 4 GB so as to not run into any trouble. Memory is cheap these days. I am saying 4 GB only because of Windoze. If you are plan to run this on Linux you can even get away with less memory.
HDD Any good ol 7200 RPM hard drive will do. Make sure it is appropriate. No point in buying a 1TB hard drive. Since, this is a newbie's guide I assumed most won't know how to run linux, but incase you do you can get a USB flash drive and run linux from it thus removing the need for hard drive all toghether. (thanks dystopiats)
GPU - Consult the list of hardware of hardware I posted above. Make sure you consider the KH/s/W ratio. To me the 290 is the best option but you can skimp down to 7950 if you like.
PSU - THIS IS BLOODY IMPORTANT. Most modern GPUs are power hungry so please make sure you are well within the limits of your power consumption.
MOTHERBOARD - Ok, so a pretty popular board right now is Gigabyte GA-990FXA-UD3 and the ASRock 970 Extreme4. Some people are even going for Gigabyte GA-990FXA-UD5 and even the mighty Gigabyte GA-990FXA-UD7 because it has more PCI-E slots. 6 to be exact. However you may not need that much. With risers you can get more shoved into less.
PCI-E RISERS - These are called risers. They come in x16 to x16 and x1 to x16 connections. Here is the general rule of thumb. This is very important. Always get a POWERED riser otherwise you will burn a hole in your MoBo. A powered rise as a molex connector so that additional power from PSU can be supplied.
When it comes to hardware I've provided the most basic knowledge you need. Also, take a look at cryptobader's website. This is very helpful. Please visit the mining section of Litecoin Forums and the litecoinmining subreddit for more indepth info.
Mining Software
Now that you have assembled your hardware now you need to get into a pool. But before you do that you need a mining software. There are many different ones but the one that is most popular is cgminer. Download it and make sure you read the README. It is a very robust piece of software. Please read this if you want to know more. (thanks BalzOnYer4Head)
Mining Pools
Now that your hardware and software is ready. I know nothing about solo mining other than the fact that you have to be very lucky and respectable amount of hashing power to decrypt a block. So it is better to join pools. I have been pool hopping for a bit and really liked give-me-coin previously known to the community as give-me-ltc. They have a nice mobile app and 0% pool fees. This is really a personal preference. Take a look at this list and try some yourself.
How do I connect to a pool?
Most pools will give you a tutorial on how to but the basics are as follows:
  • Signup for a pool
  • Create a worker for your account. Usually one worker per rig (Yes people have multiple rigs) is generally a good idea.
  • Create a .run file. Open up notepad and type cgminer.exe -o (address_to_the_miningpool:port_number) -u (yourusername.workername) -p (your_worker_password_if_you_made_one). Then File>Save As> (Make sure the drop down is set to "All Files" and .txt document.) and save in the same folder as cgminer. That's it.
  • Double click on (or whatever you named it) and have fun mining.
Mining Profitability
This game is not easy. If it was, practically everyone would be doing it. This is strictly a numbers game and there are calculations available that can help you determine your risk on your investments. 4 variables you need to consider when you are starting to mine:
Hardware cost: The cost of your physical hardware to run this whole operation.
Power: Measured in $/KwH is also known as the operating cost.
Difficulty rate: To put it in layman's terms the increase in difficulty is inversely proportional to amount of coin you can mine. The harder the difficulty the harder it is to mine coin. Right now difficulty is rising at about 18% per 3 days. This can and will change since all you miners are soon going to jump on the band wagon.
Your sanity: I am not going to tell you to keep calm and chive on because quiet frankly that is stupid. What I will tell you not to get too carried away. You will pull you hair out. Seriously.
Next thing you will need is a simple tool. A mining profitability calculator. I have two favourite ones.
I like this one cause it is simple. The fields are self explanatory. Try it.
I like this one because it is a more real life scenario calculator and more complicated one (not really). It also takes increasing difficulty into account.
Please note: This is the absolute basic info you need. If you have more questions feel free to ask and or google it!
More Below.
submitted by craeyon to litecoin [link] [comments]

RPi3 Mining [UPDATE]

I made a post yesterday about mining with the RPI3 [Here], I stated that it was getting 20 H/s. While at the time this was true. It must have been because it was new. I plugged it in for 5 minutes to get the numbers again just now and it's around 6 H/s.
Here is the proof:
I used raspbian stretch for the OS and xmrig to mine monero. After a little bit, the RPi3 got very hot, you can see that in the image in the grey square where it says 100%. It's the CPU usage monitor, which I usually see mine running at around 1%-10% between idle and normal usage.
It's a simple install to get it up and running. The only problem I found was remembering to sudo -i and cd into the proper folder (build) and then I could run xmrig without getting an error. I still don't know how to change the config folder so I can just have 1 rather than 4 threads running.
Based on this and plugging this into Cryptocompare , (I have free electricity) I would be making 0.001560 XMR a day, roughly 50 cents a month, and 5.70 USD a year. Not much.
I next want to take on making a raspberry pi mircocluster. With my RPi3 as the controller and 4 RPi0's as the nodes. I am currently downloading the software to make it and flashing the sd cards, just waiting for the RPi0's to come in the mail, along with the cluster hat.
I was also thinking of making a RPi3 miner that can mine in a pool and if your feeling lucky, you flip a switch and the RPi3 solo mines for that current block.
A short bit about me, I know nothing about computers, I know nothing about cryptocurrency(and I still understand that I'm not going to make a profit!). If you ran into me on the street, this stuff would be the last thing I would talk about, I'm more into the gym/fitness. I figured I would expand my mind into something I probably wouldn't like. But I am enjoying all of this! I have bought into XMR,BTC, and Raiblocks.
What got me into this was reading about bitcoin a few years ago, I messed around with faucets and got 30$, I heard about bitcoin on the news again and I was able to get back into my wallet which was then 200$. I used that money to buy into XMR,BTC, and Raiblocks.
Ill keep posting my findings and projects I'm looking into next! I would like to see more people posting projects, I enjoy seeing people helping each other on here and what others are doing.
submitted by Boatsmhoes to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Parachains & governance

Some confusion exists about the nature of @polkadotnetwork parachains and how governance fits into the leasing model.
This thread explains some of this away. Additionally, a @web3foundation blog post is being edited by projects in the space and will be released soon.
First, some general points that everyone can expect at Polkadot’s genesis:
Parachains bond DOTs to secure a parachain slot. The number of DOTs bonded is calculated by market forces, which is difficult to estimate at this point. Future posts will attempt to calculate this.
It’s worth nothing that the annual cost of mining for Ethereum is approximately USD 1 billion and approximately USD 2.7 billion for Bitcoin. We expect the cost of security in Polkadot to be a full 4 orders of magnitude less than either Bitcoin or Ethereum’s security cost.
To acquire a slot parachains can obtain DOTs in a variety of ways, including:
Governance can do most anything in Polkadot, including brick the chain! However just because governance can do something, doesn’t mean it should or will.
Governance will probably only be used in extreme cases and assuming they don’t renew their slot they will get their DOTs back at the end.
If a parachains is malicious or defective, validators will deactivate it and the governance function will then probably choose to remove the defective parachain.
It’s important that there is a way for parachains to migrate off the platform and become a solo chain. If a parachain decides to do this, they get their DOTs back and will need to start provisioning their own security.
Polkadot’s ability to scale could be faster than folks can deploy useful parachains.
It’s not yet clear whether or not there will be more demand than supply of parachain slots in the months/years after Polkadot’s launch. It will be interesting to see how quickly Polkadot can scale thru increasing the number of parachains and developing light-weight bridges to solo chains.
Remember parachains are quite different than smart contracts. It will take more work to develop your own runtime than it does to code a smart contract, and the benefits are also much greater (scalability, shared security, interoperability, more control, governance, ability to upgrade, no gas etc.).
There's a general migration in philosophy in crypto right now to paying for things. I'd put storage rent and parachain slots (paid thru dilution) as examples of this.
Because deploying isn't the expensive and hard thing in blockchains, it's maintaining.
We can see this by lack of incentives to develop tooling and the ETH 2.0 protocol in the Ehereum community
Polkadot governance is a step to guaranteeing this stagnation will never occur.
submitted by web3jp to dot [link] [comments]

Mega FAQ (Or: Please come here for your questions first)

Qbundle Guide (Step by step setup & Bootstrap)
1( I want to mine or activate My account. Where do find the multiple coins?
You only need 1, an outgoing transaction or reward reassignment will set the public key. Get them from:
Or (Faucet list) (if this is empty, come back later)
2( I bought coins on Bittrex and want to move to my new wallet, but can't. Why?
Bittrex will only send to accounts with a public key (not a Burst requirement) so see number 1 and either set the name on the account (IF you will not mine) or set the reward recipient to the pool. Either action will enable the account and allow for transfers from Bittrex.
3( I sent coins from Poloniex/anywhere to Bittrex and they don’t show up after a considerable time. Why?
You need to set an unencrypted message on the transaction, informing Bittrex which account to send the funds to (this is in the directions on Bittrex). Did you do this? Contact Bittrex support with all the details and eventually you will get your funds.
4( How much can I make on Burst?
Gives you an average over time assuming a few things like: Average luck/100% uptime/no overlapping/fees on pool/good plot scan time (<20 seconds) if you do not have all of these, you may not see that number.
5( If I use SSD’s would I make more money?
No, it’s 95% capacity and 5% scan time that determine success. More plot area = better deadlines = better chance of forging a block, or better rates from a pool.
6( What is ‘solo’ and ‘pool’ (wasn’t his name Chewbacca?)
Solo is where you attempt to ‘forge’ (mine) a block by yourself; you get 100% of the block reward and fees. But you only receive funds if you forge, no burst for coming in second place.
Pools allow a group of miners to ‘pool’ together their resources and when a miner wins, they give the pool the winnings (this is done by the reward assignment you completed earlier), it is then divided according to different percentages and methods and burst is sent out according to pool rules (minimum pay-out, time, etc.)
7( I have been mining for 2 days and my wallet doesn’t show any Burst WHY?
Mining solo: it is win-or-lose, nothing in between, and wining is luck and plot size. Pool mining: because it costs 1 burst to send burst, the pools have either a time requirement (every X days) or a minimum amount (100 burst +) so you need to research your pool. Some pools allow for you to set the limit (cryptoGuru and similar) to be met before sending
8( How do I see what I have pending?
On CryptoGuru, based pools, it’s the ‘Pending (burst)’ column, other pools, look for the numbers next to your burst ID. One is Paid and the other pending.
9( I’m part of a pool and I forged a block, but I didn’t recieve the total value of the block, why?
A pool has 2 basic numbers that denote the pay-out method, in the format ‘XX-XX’ (i.e. 50-50) The first number is the % paid to the block forger (miner) and the second is the retained value, which is paid to historic ‘shares’ (or, past blocks that the pool didn’t win, but had a miner that was ‘close’ to winning with a good submitted deadline)
Examples of pools:
0-100 (good for <40TB)
20-80 (30-80TB)
50-50 (60-200TB)
80-20 (150-250)
100-0 (solo mine, 150+ TB)
Please note that there is an overlap as this is personal preference and just guidance; a higher historical share value means a smoother pay-out regime, which some people prefer. If fees are not factored in, or are the same on different pools, the pay-out value will be the same over a long enough period.
10( Is XXX model of hard drive good? Which one do you recommend?
CHEAP is best. If you have 2 new hard drives, both covered by warranty, get the one with the lowest cost per TB (expressed as $/TB , calculated by dividing the cost by the number of terabytes) because plot size is KING,
11( How many drives can I have on my machine?
For best performance, you can have up to 2 drives per thread (3 on a new fast AVX2 CPU). So that quad-core core-2-quad can have up to 8 drives, but a more modern i7 with 4 cores + hyper threading can squeeze 8 * 3 or 24 drives. (Performance while scanning will suffer)
12( Can I game while I mine?
Some people have done so, but you cannot have the ‘maximum’ number of drives and play games generally.
13( Can I mine Burst and GPU mine other coins?
Yes, if you CPU Mine Burst.
14( I’m GPU plotting Burst and GPU mining another coin, my plots are being corrupted, why?
My advice is dedicating a GPU to either mining or plotting, don’t try to do both.
15( What is a ‘plot’?
A plot is a file that contains Hashes, these hashes are used to mine burst. A plot is tied to an account, but they can be created (with the same account ID) on other machines and connected back to your miner(s).
16( Where can I trade/buy/sell Burst?
A list of exchanges is maintained on (on the right, ‘Exchanges’ tab) the biggest at the moment are Bittrex and Poloniex, some offer direct Fiat-to-Burst purchase ( for example)
17( Do I have to store my Burst off the exchange?
No, but it’s safer from hackers who target exchanges, if you cannot guarantee the safety or security of your home computer from Trojans etc, then it might be best to leave on an exchange (but enable 2FA security on your account PLEASE!)
18( What security measures can I take to keep my coin safe?
When you create an account, sign out and back in to your wallet (to make sure you have copied the pass phrase correctly) and keep multiple copies of the key (at least one physically printed or written down and in a safe place, better in 2 places) do not disclose the passphrase to anyone. Finally use either a local wallet or a trusted web wallet (please research before using any web wallet)
19( How can I help Burst?
Run a wallet, which will act as a node (or if you’re a programmer, contact the Dev team Bring attention to burst (without ‘shilling’ or trying to get people to buy) And help translate into your local language
Be a productive member of the community and contribute experience and knowledge if you can, or help others get into Burst.
20( Will I get coins on the fork(s) and where will they be?
There will be no new coin, and no new coins to be given/air dropped etc, the forks are upgrades to burst and there will not be a ‘classic’ or ‘new’ burst.
21( Will I need to move my Burst off of the exchange for the fork?
No, your transactions are on the block chain, which will be used on the fork, they will be visible after the move; nothing will need to be done on your side.
22( Where can I read about the progress of Burst and news in general on the community?
There is no finer place than
23( What are the communities for Burst and the central website?
Main website:
Reddit: and
Getburst forum:
Official Facebook channel:
(these are the forums that are known to be supporting the current Dev Team)
Other ways to talk to the community:
Telegram (General):
Telegram (Mining):
24( When will Burst partner up with a company?
Burst is a currency, the USD does not ‘partner up’ with a company, the DEV team will not partner up and give over to special interests.
25( Why is the DEV team anonymous?
They prefer anonymity, as it allows them to work without constant scrutiny and questions unless they wish to engage, plus the aim is for Burst to become a major contender, and this brings issues with security. They will work and produce results, they owe you nothing and if you cannot see the vision they provide then please do not ‘invest’ for short term gain.
26( When moon/Lambo/$100/make me rich?
My crystal ball is still broken, come back to the FAQ later for answer (seriously, this is a coin to hold, if you want to day-trade, good luck to you)
27( How can I better educate myself and learn about Dymaxion?
Read about the Dymaxion here:
28( My reads are slow, why?
There are many reasons for this, if your computer has a decent spec it’s likely due to USB3 hub issues, or plugging into a USB2 hub, but other reasons can be multiple plots in the same folder, but it’s best to visit the mining subreddit. They can help more than an simple FAQ
29( I have a great idea for Burst (not proof of stake related)?
Awesome! Please discuss with the DEV team on discord
(Please be aware that this is a public forum, you need to find who to ask/tell)
30( I have a great idea for Burst (Proof of stake related)?
No. if you want a POS, find a POS coin. On the tangle which is being implemented a POS/POW/POC coin can be created, but BURST will always be POC mined. You are welcome to implement a proof of stake coin on this!
31( Will the Dev team burn any coins?
Burst is not an ICO, so any coins will need to be bought to be burnt. You are welcome to donate, but the DEV team have no intention of burning any coins, or increasing the coin cap.
32( When will there be an IOS wallet?
IOS wallet is completed; we are waiting for it to go on the app store. Apple is the delaying factor.
33( Why do overlapping plots matter?
Plots are like collections of lottery tickets (and if only one ticket could win). Having 2 copies is not useful, and it means that you have less coverage of ‘all’ the possible numbers. It’s not good, avoid.
34( My local wallet used to run, I synchronised it before and now it says ‘stopped’. when I start it, it stops after a few seconds, what should I do?
I suggest that you change the database type to portable MariaDB (on Qbundle, at the top, ‘Database’ select, ‘change database’) and then re-import the database from scratch (see 35)
35( Synchronising the block chain is slow and I have the patience of a goldfish. What can I do?
On Qbundle , ‘Database’ select ‘Bootstrap chain’ and make sure the CryptoGuru repository is selected, then ‘start Import’ this will download and quickly stuff the local database (I suggest Portable MariaDB, see 34) (lol, loop)
36( What will the block reward be next month/will the block rewards run out in 6 months? Rewards will carry on into 2026, but transaction fees will be a bigger % by then, and so profitable mining will continue.
37( How can I get started with Burst (wallet/mining/everything) and I need it in a video Watch and be enlightened.
38( Can I mine on multiple machines with the same account?
Yes, if you want to pool mine this can be done (but be prepared for small issues like reported size being incorrect. Just be sure to keep question 33 in mind.)
39( Why do some of my drives take forever to plot?
Most likely they are SMR drives, it’s best to plot onto another SSD and then move the finished plot/part of a plot across to the SMR drive as this is much quicker. SMR drives are fine on the read, just random writes that are terrible.
So plot an SMR drive quickly, plot to a non SMR or better still SSD drive, in as big a chunk as possible (fewer files better) and move. a version of Xplotter, called Splotter, can do this easily.
40( I have a great idea; why not get listed on more exchanges!!
Exchanges list coins because of 2 reasons:
  1. Clients email and REQUESTING Burst and provide details like:
  2. The coin pays (often A LOT, seriously we’ve been asked for 50 BTC)
I suggest you speak with your exchange and ask ‘when will they offer Burst?’
41( Do you have a roadmap?
42( Why is the price of Burst going up/down/sideways/looping through time?
The price of burst is still quite dependent upon Bitcoin, meaning that if Bitcoin gains, the value of Burst gains, if Bitcoin drops then Burst also drops. If there is news for Burst then we will see something independent of Bitcoin moving. Variations can be because of people buying in bulk or selling in bulk. There are also ‘pump and dump’ schemes that we detest, that can cause spikes in price that have nothing to do with news or Bitcoin, just sad people taking advantage of others.
43( Where is the best place to go with my mining questions?
44( What hardware do you advise me to buy, is this computer good?
See question 43 for specific questions on hardware, it depends on so many variables. The ‘best’ in my opinion is a 36 bay Supermicro storage server, usually they have dual 6-core CPU’s and space for 36 drives. No USB cables, plotting and mining monster, anything else, DYOR.
45( Where do you buy your hard drives?
I have bought most from EBay in job lots, and some refurbished drives with short warranties. Everything else I have bought, from Amazon.
46( Can I mine on my Google drive/cloud based storage?
In short: no. If you want to try, and get to maybe 1 TB and then find that your local connection isn’t fast enough, or that shortly after, your account is blocked for various reasons. Please be my guest.
47( Can I mine on my NAS?
Some you can mine with the NAS (if it can run the miner, it can scan locally) but generally they’re not very fast. good for maybe 16 TB? Having a plot on a NAS and mining from another computer depends on the network speed between the NAS and scanning computer. I believe you can scan about 8 TB (maybe a bit more) and keep the scan times to within acceptable, but YMMV.
48( How can I set up a node?
No need to set up a node, just set up a wallet (version 2.0.4) or Qbundle (2.2) and it will do the rest
49( Are the passphrases secured?
I’ll leave the effort to a few people to show how secure a 12-word passphrase is: Key point: brute forcing it will be around 13,537,856,339,904,134,474,012,675,034 years.
50( I logged into my account (maybe with a different burst ID) and see no balance!!
I have dealt with this very issue multiple times, and there are only 3 options:
  1. You have typed in the password incorrectly
  2. You have copy-pasted the password incorrectly
  3. You are trying to log into a ‘local wallet’ which the block chain has not finished updating
The last one generally leaves the burst ID the same, but old balances will show. No, this is not a security problem, and yes, windows loves to add spaces after the phrase you enter when copied, and that space is important in getting to your account.
51( Are there channels for my language?
(there are others, please contact me to put up)
52( I am mining in a pool, and it says that my effective capacity is lower than I actually have, why?
  1. If you've not been mining for >48 hours, or just added additional capacity, it will take time.
  2. The value fluctuates (normally, +-5% but can be up to 10% at times)
  3. Read on the ‘Quick info’ tab about adjusting your deadline to compensate for changes i. revisit once a month for best results
  4. If you have overlapping plots it will also be lower so be aware of this (see question 33)
53( What pool should I join?
First of all, read question 9, after you have understood that it depends on the size (and how patient you are) select from the following list:
54( What miner to use?
I use Blago’s miner, there are many out there but Blago’s works for me on CPU mining, it can be found in Qbundle.
55( What Wallet to use (I use windows)?
Qbundle: guide:
56( What Wallet to use (Linux)? for Debian and Ubuntu, for Mac. read:
57( Will i need to 'replot' after POC2 (second fork) happens?
No, there will be a tool which will optimise, but it is not CPU intensive (it basically re-shuffles your plot) and is just IO intensive. You do not need to replot.
TurboPlotter and are tools that will/can be used to actuate optimization, but PLEASE wait with optimization until after the hard fork.
58( Will the transaction fee always be 1 burst?
No, dynamic fees are coming in the next fork.
submitted by dan_dares to burstcoin [link] [comments]

Mining and taxes - warning and discussion

As the end of the year gets closer, I'm wondering how people are handling their taxes? This wiki covers some of the basics at a high level. I have started researching this to make sure my records are precise and understand what kind of headache this adds to the mining equation.
I had a brief chat with my tax advisor (who loves me because every year I seem to come up with new and novel things for him to make money researching) and his conclusion was that LTC or BTC received from pool mining is taxable as income at the time of receipt. You are receiving compensation in the form of coins for the use of your property (mining rigs) which is just really no different than an equipment rental business.
Unfortunately for many of us, it appears it should be based on the compensation you received at the time of service. So last week when if you earned 1 BTC you would be taxed on $1000 in income. Further, if you hold the BTC and then sold it at $2000 you would owe additional taxes on the gain from $1000 -> $2000. You probably can deduct reasonable expenses against the gain (server cost, power use).
His recommendation for pool mining is to record the amount of coins received on a weekly basis and the average USD/coin rate during that week to use that as a basis for calculating what you owe "to make it simpler than tracking every day." Unfortunately when you are mining many different coins this sounds like it can turn into a complicated venture. The biggest bad news is that you are taxed on this "income" as it happens, but if the value of the coin falls your tax burden stays the same.
For solo mining, you would be taxed on the USD value of the coin when you solve a block and get the coin, so it's much simpler to track.
It's much clearer if you just BUY coins as an investments. Then it's treated just like buying an investment. But $10k of BTC at $100, sell $100k of BTC at $1000 and you owe taxes on $90k of gain.
I'm wondering if anyone else has talked taxes and concurs with this assessment. Or if someone has an alternative theory. My tax guy, of course, aims to make sure I am compliant but it is such a new area there isn't a firm guideline for handling it yet to his knowledge. So some well written/explained documentation might change his opinions.
So how do you handle this?
submitted by caseigl to litecoinmining [link] [comments]

Getting started with Ethereum

What is Ethereum?

Ethereum is a decentralized programmable platform that utilizes that allows for the application of blockchain technology in many facets of life.

Like Bitcoin, Ethereum utilizes a blockchain for security and transparency. Ethereum, like Bitcoin, is also tradeable directly as Ether (ETH). However, Ethereum also allows for the creation of “smart contracts”, allowing developers to use blockchain technology, via Ethereum, in their own programmable applications.

What is Ether (ETH)?

Ether, or ETH for short, is the currency Ethereum uses. Ether is generated via algorithmic mining, and is the basis of the Ethereum network. Ether serves as the basis for Ethereum “smart contracts” which often utilize “tokens”, an abstraction of Ether.

How can I purchase Ether (ETH)?

Depending on your geographical location, your options for purchasing Ether may vary.

Purchasing Ether through, using USD or BTC is a very popular method of obtaining Ether allows for more rapid exchange of currency, and is connected directly to

Alternatively,, (EUR), and (USD) are popular exchanges.

Best places to buy EtheBTC with debit cards or instant bank transfers:
Best places to buy EtheBTC with SWIFT bank transfers:
Best exchanges to transfer EtheBTC to for trading:
Exchanges Fees:
Exchange Maker Taker
GDAX 0% 0.30%
Poloniex 0.15% 0.25%
Kraken 0.16% 0.26%
Bitfinex 0.10% 0.20%
Gemini 0.10% 0.20%
Bittrex 0.25% 0.25%

How can I mine ETH?

The easiest way to get started mining is through Minergate:

MinerGate isn’t recommended if you plan to have dedicated mining rigs.

If, however, you wish to mine on an existing computer as a hobby, or out of interest, it’s perfect. While it does take a fee from your mining, it’s GUI is quick and simple to use and once install you can be mining instantaneously. It also has some challenges that encourage you to mine, and if you’re an absolute beginner, then the simplicity of this software will have you jumping for joy.

Other ETH mining pools include:
The following guides can help you get started:

Where can I check the price of Ether (ETH)? is a popular website to track the price of Ether (ETH). In addition to listing the price of ETH on the major exchanges, it allows for a wide variety of charting tools which can be used to trade ETH more effectively.

How is Ethereum different than Bitcoin?

Ethereum creates an ecosystem for the utilization of blockchain in everyday transactions and is designed with this intention. Bitcoin, on the other hand, was created as a form of electronic cash. Ethereum uses similar blockchain technology to maintain all of the benefits of Bitcoin, but also allows for an infrastructure of applications which can extend beyond the exchange of currency.

Can I send Ether to a Bitcoin wallet?


Who is behind Ethereum?

Vitalik Buterin

What are tokens?

ERC20 tokens are Ethereum derivatives. Tokens allow for smart contracts to interface directly with the Ethereum blockchain. As such, they are exchangeable through Ethereum wallets.

Proof of Work vs Proof of Stake

Proof of Work is the current method used to generate ETH, the "Serenity" update will change this to a Proof of Stake system, the difference is explained below.

Proof of Work is the system by which most cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin, manage their blockchains. Through a process known as mining, individuals contribute processing power to solve difficult, arbitrary calculations as well as to validate calculations to determine what the next block in the blockchain should be. Whenever a new block is added to the chain, whoever was lucky enough to be the person that created that block is rewarded with some amount of currency.

The difficulty of these calculations can be determined by the devs behind the currency to control the rate at which new coins are dispersed into the economy. The reason for the difficult calculations is to secure the network by making it difficult for an attacker to start adding invalid blocks to the universally accepted chain - in this system, the attacker would need to generate over 50% of the processing power in the entire network to have their malicious validation be accepted. A higher-level way to think about this is that processing power is what creates scarcity and is proportional to the odds of you getting the next reward. This has the unfortunate side-effect of giving a disproportionate amount of power, in regards to both reward and blockchain validation, to miners that control a large portion of the mining hashrate.

Proof of Stake rewards are distributed via proportional to the “stake” that validators have in the economy as opposed to the work you can do. Your stake increases based on the amount of currency in your wallet and how long it’s been there. The greater your stake, the higher the odds are that you will receive a reward for the creation of the new block on the chain. In contrast to PoW where scarcity comes from processing power, in PoS, the scarcity comes from the currency itself.

As of June 2017, Ethereum is using a Proof of Work system. By the Serenity update the platform will be updated to use a Proof of Stake system. As we get closer to that release we will learn more details about how the PoS system will work in Ethereum’s implementation, known as Casper.

Anticipated ETH Updates:


zkSNARKs stands for “zero knowledge Succinct Non-interactive ARguments of Knowledge”. They allows us to manipulate and translate calculations that need to be double-checked so that nothing on the network needs to know exactly what the original calculation was, but can still confirm whEther a result is correct or not. The details of how this works are too opaque for this guide, but what it means is that code deployed on Ethereum doesn’t have to be open-source and the details of transactions can remain completely secret. zkSNARKs will be implemented in the Metropolis update.


Metropolis is the next major update to the Ethereum network, the third of four phases that the developers have planned for Ethereum. This update will bring with it modifications to the way that applications interact with the network, making it simpler for developers to write apps on the platform. zkSNARKs will also be implemented in this update, opening up the Ethereum network to developers that want to keep their apps’ source code a secret and users that want greater privacy for their transactions.


This is the fourth and final major planned update to Ethereum. This is defined by two massive changes: transition from a PoW to PoS system using the Casper algorithm (described above), and sharding. Sharding will allow applications to be split into tiny pieces, or sharded, and distributed across the network. One calculation required to execute an app may happen on one machine (and then double-checked using zkSNARKs on several others), then the next calculation happens somewhere else, and so on. Not only does this improve performance by reducing the time it takes for apps to execute on the network, allowing network nodes to validate only shards of the blockchain means that new blocks can be added, and transactions confirmed, near instantly. This is the biggest update planned for Ethereum and has no release date yet determined.

Other Resources:

Ethereum fundamentals wiki:

Useful reddit link showing upcoming news:

Very good list of links to read about Ethereum:

Tax advice

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